Scholarship and Research

My work centers on Syria, Ottoman Empire, Turkey, urban history, social history, Armenian history, Islamic law, gender, sexuality, and religious minorities.


“Off the Straight Path”: Illicit Sex, Law, and Community in Ottoman Aleppo (Syracuse University Press, 2008).

Scenes & Types. Proceedings from the Global Studies Human Zoos Symposium and Scenes & Types Sheehan Gallery Exhibition (Global Studies Initiative, Whitman College, 2016).


“Armenians in the Production of Urban Space in Early Modern Judayda, Aleppo” in Requiem for Ottoman Aleppo/Alep à l’époque ottomane, un requiem, ed. Stefan Winter and Mafalde Ade (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2019).

“Bone Memory: The Necrogeography of the Armenian Genocide in Der Zor, Syria,” Human Remains and Violence Volume 4, Number 1, Spring 2018, 56-75 scenes-and-types-cover-1

“Armenian Women, Legal Bargaining, and Gendered Politics of Conversion in Eighteenth Century Aleppo” Journal of Middle Eastern Women’s Studies (March 2016)

“Sexing the Hammam: Discourses on Gender and Sexuality in the Ottoman Bathhouse” in Gender and Sexuality in Muslim Cultures ed. Gul Ozyegin (Ashgate, 2015)

“#SaveKessab, #Save Aleppo, and Kim Kardashian: Syria’s Rashomon Effect” Jadaliyya (April 24, 2014)

“Naked Anxiety: Bathhouses, Nudity, and Muslim/non-Muslim Relations in Eighteenth-Century Aleppo” International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 45:4 (November 2013) 651-676.

“‘Because He is So Tender and Pretty’: Sexual Deviance and Heresy in Eighteenth- Century Aleppo” Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation, and Culture, 18:2 (March 2012) 175-199.

“Rewriting the History of Sexuality in the Islamic World” Hawwa 4: 1-2 (2006), “Homosexuality in Islam,” Encyclopedia of Religion and Homosexuality (Greenwood Press, 2006).

“Gender Violence and Intent in Ottoman Law: A View of the Imperial Kanunnames and Fetvas of the Sixteenth Century,” in Beyond the Exotic: Women’s Histories in Islamic Societies, ed. Amira Sonbol (Syracuse, New York, Syracuse University Press, 2005 reprinted American University of Cairo Press, 2006).

“Women, Gender and Domestic Violence” and “Rape in Islam,” Encyclopedia of Women in Islamic Cultures (E.J. Brill, Leiden, 2004).

“Sinful Professions: Illegal Occupations of Women in Ottoman Aleppo, Syria,” Hawwa 1:1, 2003.